10-07-2002 Operational Update No REX 02/645Update No. 20/2002
This update summarizes the ICRC’s activities in Afghanistan from January to June 2002, giving figures for the types of assistance provided and the number of beneficiaries involved.
The ICRC carried out two rounds of food for people living in drought and conflict-affected areas of the northern and central provinces (2nd round: for 515,000 beneficiaries).
The ICRC visited close to 6,000 security detainees and prisoners, more than 500 of whom have since been transferred to the US military base at Guantanamo Bay.
Water and habitat
The ICRC improved the water supply for half a million people and sanitation conditions for over 18,000 people, most of whom lived in urban areas.
The ICRC continued to provide assistance for Afghan health facilities, in particular those offering surgical care. These facilities served some 40,000 patients and performed around 3,600 operations per month.
The ICRC continued to run six rehabilitation centres in Afghanistan. Since they were opened in 1989, the centres have served approximately 50,000 disabled persons, including nearly 27,000 amputees. Eighty per cent of these amputees were mine/UXO victims, 70 per cent of whom were civilians.
From January through May, the rehabilitation programmes re gistered 2,644 new patients.
The ICRC mine action programme continued to collect data from mine/UXO victims throughout the country, recording it in a database which is shared with other organizations involved in mine action. In collaboration with the Afghan Red Crescent Society, it also worked to improve mine awareness in selected central and eastern provinces.
Promotion of international humanitarian law
The Afghan National Army is now being trained by British and French forces and the ICRC instructs its personnel and other bearers of weapons in international humanitarian law (IHL). The ICRC also fosters a better awareness of IHL among civilian groups.
During the period under consideration, the ICRC introduced 70 officers of the new Afghan army to IHL and engaged in other similar activities.