The ICRC's activities in favour of the displaced: 2005 operational overview
01-05-2006 Operational Update
Any protection and assistance strategy aimed at effectively addressing the needs of displaced persons and returnees and at preventing displacement must remain flexible, so as to take into account the great diversity of situations in which displacement occurs. For example:
recent crises of a sudden and large-scale nature, such as the conflict in Darfur (Sudan) , or the natural disasters in Indonesia , Sri Lanka and Pakistan , which called for an urgent response and for strengthened coordination between the players involved in order to provide support for people already displaced and prevent others from suffering the same fate;
longstanding conflicts , such as those affecting certain regions of Colombia , the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the northern Caucasus , Somalia or Uganda , which have left an already fragile population in utter destitution, or following which displaced persons may settle permanently where they are instead of returning home;
“ frozen” conflicts and post-conflict situations , such as those in Angola, Eritrea , Georgia or Liberia , calling for the sustained presence of humanitarian agencies long after the peak of violence is past and for protection and assistance for both displaced persons and returnees; and
situations in which security risks limit or prevent the involvement of humanitarian organizations, such as those prevailing in Somalia or the northern Caucasus , where aid activities have to be largely " remote-controlled " from abroad and implemented by local employees.
In 2005 the ICRC supported, in one way or another and at least once, 3.2 million internally displaced persons and returnees in 24 countries :*
Africa : Angola, Burundi, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Liberia, Somalia, Sudan, Uganda, Kenya
Asia and the Pacific : Afghanistan, Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka
Europe and the Americas : Colombia, Georgia, Russian Federation
Middle East and North America : Iraq, Israel and the occupied and autonomous territories
For further information on ICRC activities, please see the ICRC's 2005 Annual Report.
* These figures do not include all the countries in which the ICRC conducted activities designed to restore family links and therefore do not cover all the individual cases handled (IDPs or returnees who sent or received family news, those located by the Red Cross/Red Crescent family news network at the request of their families and those transferred elsewhere or reunited with their families).