Emergency action of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement for the North Caucasus and the South of Russia (August 2001)


Beginning of July the ICRC has been carrying out a detailed survey of assistance needs in Chechnya, Ingushetia and Daghestan.

ICRC delegates have already held discussions in several focus groups composed of 12-16 persons among residents and IDPs in the region. The purpose is to determine the current specific needs of those living in camps, in collective centres and in the private sector. The surveyors use proved methods to ensure that every participant can make his voice heard and that the full spectrum of opinions and perceptions regarding the humanitarian assistance and needs are really reflected through those focus groups discussions.

The primary aim of the survey is to allow the ICRC to evaluate again the real needs in terms of material assistance (food, hygienic items, etc.). At the same time the chosen method helps to uncover other, less evident needs, for example, in terms of legal counselling and psychological support. The first results already give a fairly good idea of the major concerns of the most vulnerable groups of population in the North Caucasus. The work has not yet been completed but in the end it will certainly help the ICRC to plan in a better way its programmes for the coming year.

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