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Bibliography on health services




 Perrin P . War and public health: handbook on war and public health. International Committee of the Red Cross , Geneva, 1998


 Reyes H . Medical neutrality: Confidentiality subject to national law. Should doctors always comply? Medisch Contact , 8 November 1996,   N45


Medicine & community health; health in places of detention 

 Coninx R, Mathieu C, Debacker M, Mirzoev F, Ismaelov A, De Haller R, Meddings DR . First-line tuberculosis therapy and drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis in prisons. The Lancet 1999; Vol 353; 969-973.

 Coninx R, Pfyffer GE, Matheu C, Savina D, Debacker M, Jafarov F, Jabrailov I, Ismailov A, Mirzoev F, De Haller R, Portaells F . Drug resistant tuberculosis in prisons in Azerbaijan: case study. British Medical Journal , 1998, V ol 316; 1432-1425.


 Maher D, Gremska M, Coninx R, Reyes H . Guidelines for the control of tuberculosis in prisons. WHO/TB/98.250 , Geneva, World Health Organization, 1998.


 Coninx R, Dupuy C, Hermann C,Cruz Pires Ribeiro G, Margot M, Lucic K , Vaccination of the civilian population in a country of war: It can be done; it can also be evaluated. The ICRC experience in Mozambique. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics , 1998, 44: 186-188


 Garenne ML, Coninx R, Dupuy C , Effects of the civil war in central Mozambique and evaluation of the intervention of the International Committee of the Red Cross.    Journal of Tropical Pediatrics , 1997, 43: 318-323


 Bise G, Coninx R . Epidemic typhus in a prison in Burundi. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene , 1997, 91: 133-134


Surgery for war wounded 

 NOTE   : Edition in *E* English / *F* French / *G* German / *S* Spanish / *P* Portuguese /*A* Arabic /*R* Russian / *SC* Serbo-Croate / *B* Bosnian / *SB* Serbo-Bosnian  

 Ahmed AM, Sabrye MA, Baldan M . Autotransfusion in case of Penetrating Chest War Wounds with Haemothorax: The Keysaney Hospital's Experience. East and Central Africal Journal of Surgery 2003; 8(1): 51-54 / *E*

 Baldan M Giannou CP . Basic Surgical Management of War Wounds: The ICRC Experience. East and Central African Journal of Surgery 2003; 8 (1): 35-38 / *E*

 Baldan M, Giannou CP, Rizzardi G, Irmay F, Sasin V . Autotransfusion from haemothorax after penetrating chest trauma: a simple, life-saving procedure. Tropical Doctor 2006; 36:21-22 / *E*

 Baldan M, Giannou CP, Sasin V, Morino G . Metallic Foreign Bodies After War Injuries: Should We Remove Them? The ICRC Experience. East and Central African Journal of Surgery 2004; 9(1): 31-34 / *E*

 Baldan M, Giannou CP . War Wounds with Fractures: The ICRC Experience. East and Central African Journal of Surgery 2004; 9(2): 37-39 / *E*

 Bertschinger C . War Surgery Nursing and the International Committee of the Red Cross. Surgical Nurse/The Medicine Group Journals. 1995;Febr.Vol.8(1): 16-18 / *E*

 Bion J . An anaesthetist in a camp for Cambodian refugees. Anaesthesia, 1983, 38:798-801 /*E*

 Bowyer G.W . Afghan War Wounded : Application of the Red Cross Wound Classification. The Journal of Trauma. 1995;Vol.38(1):64-67 / *E*

 Bowyer G.W . Management of small fragment wounds in modern warfare: a return to Hunterian principles. Ann R Coll Surg Engl, 1997;79:175-182 / *E*

 Bowyer G.W . War Surgery and the International Committee of the Red Cross - a historical perspective. International Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma, 1996;6:62-65 / *E*

 Bowyer G.W., Stewart M.P.M., Ryan J.M . Gulf war wounds: application of the Red Cross wound classification. Injury. 1993;24(9):597-600 / *E*

 Coupland R . Clinical and legal significance of fragmentation of bullets in relation to size of wounds: retrospective analysis. BMJ 1999; 319: 404-406 / *E*

 Coupland RM . The effects of weapons and the Solferino cycle: Where disciplines meet to prevent or limit the damage caused by weapons. BMJ 1999; 319 (7214): 864-865 /*E*


 Coupland R., Russbach R . Victims of Antipersonnel Mines : What is being done Medicine & Global Survival. 1994;Vol.1(1):18-22 / *E*

 Coupland R.M . Abdominal wounds in war. British Journal of Surgery, 1996;83:1505-1511/*E*

 Coupland RM . Abhorrent weapons and " superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering " : from field surgery to law. BMJ 1997; 315(7120):1450-1452 /*E*

 Coupland R.M . Epidemiological approach to surgical management of the casualties of war. BMJ 1994;308:1693-1697 / *E*

 Coupland R.M . Management of war wounds: the forgotten speciality. Surgery. 1994;12: Leading article / *E*.

 Coupland R.M . Missile and explosive wounds. Surgery 2000;18:1:6-10/*E*

 Coupland R.M . Missile and Explosive wounds. Surgery, 1997:140-144 / *E*

 Coupland R.M . " Non-lethal " weapons: precipitating a new arms race: Medicine must guard against its knowledge being used for weapon development. BMJ 1997; 315 (7100): 72 /*E*

 Coupland R.M . The effects of weapons on health. Lancet 1996; 347(8999): 450-451 /*E*

 Coupland R.M . War wounds of bones and external fixation. Injury. 1994;25:211-217 / *E*

 Coupland R.M . Weapons intended to blind. Editorial The Lancet, 1994 Dec.17, Vol.344:1649-1650 / *E*

 Coupland R.M . Wounds, weapons and the doctor. Schweiz.Z.Milit.Med, 1995; 72(2): 33-35/*E*

 Coupland R.M., Hoikka V., Sjoeklint O.G., Cuenod Ph., Cauderay G.C., Doswald-Beck L . Assessment of bullet disruption in armed conflicts. The Lancet. Jan.4 1992;339:35-37 /*E*

 Coupland R.M . The effects of weapons: surgical challenge and medical dilemma. Journal of the Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh 1996;41:65-71 / *E*

 Coupland RM, Korver A . Injuries from antipersonnel mines: the experience of the International Committee of the Red Cross. British Medical Journal. 1991;303: 1509-1512/*E*

 Coupland RM, Parker PJ, Gray RC . Triage of war wounded: the experience of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Injury. 1992;23(8):507-510 / *E*

 Coupland RM, Pesonen P . Craniocerebral war wounds: non specialist management. Injury 1992;23(1),21-24 / *E*

 Coupland RM . A management algorithm for chronically exposed war wounds of bone. Injury, 1990, 21:101-103 / *E*

 Coupland RM . Amputation for antipersonnel mine injuries of the leg: preservation of the tibial stump using a medial gastrocnemius myoplasty. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. 1989;71:405-8 / *E*

 Coupland RM . Amputation for war wounds.Geneva, International Committee of the Red Cross. 1992 / *E* / *F* / *S* / *R* / *B* / *SB*

 Coupland RM . Hand grenade injuries among civilians. JAMA 1993; 270: 24-626 / *E*

 Coupland RM . Technical aspects of war wound excision. British Journal of Surgery. 1989;76:663-7 / *E*

 Coupland RM . The Red Cross Classification of War Wounds: The E.X.C.F.V.M. Scoring System. World Journal of Surgery. 1992;16:910-917 / *E*

 Coupland RM . The Red Cross wound classification. Geneva: The International Committee of the Red Cross 1991 / *E* / *F* / *S* / *R*

 Coupland RM . The role of reconstructive surgery in the management of war wounds. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. 1991;73:21-5/*E* 

 Coupland RM . War wounds: classification and management. In: Johnston CD, Taylor I. Recent advances in Surgery; 17. London,Churchill Livingstone 1994:121-134 / *E*

 Coupland RM . War wounds of limbs: surgical management. Butterworth Heinemann Oxford. 1993 / *E*

 Coupland RM., Howell P . An experience of war surgery and wounds presenting after 3 days on the border of Afghanistan. Injury, 1988, 19:259-262/ *E*

 Coupland RM, Meddings DR, David R . Mortality associated with use of weapons in armed conflicts, wartime atrocities, and civilian mass shootings: literature review. BMJ 1999; 319 (7207): 407-410 /*E*

 Coupland RM, Samnegaard HO . Effect of type and transfer of conventional weapons on civilian injuries: retrospective analysis of prospective data from Red Cross hospitals. BMJ 1999; 319(7207): 410-412 /*E*

 Craig G . Treating the Afghan war wounded. Journal of Royal Society of Medicine. 1993;Vol.86:404-405 / *E*

 Dufour D, Kromann Jensen S, Owen-Smith M, Salmela J, Stening GF, Zetterstrom B . Surgery for victims of war. Geneva: The International Committee of the Red Cross 1998 /*E* / *R* / *SC* / *F*

 Elmi AM, Hassan MY, Baldan M . Abdominal War Wounds with Large Bowel Involvement: The Medina Hospital Experience. East and Central African Journal of Surgery 2003; 8(1): 55-58 / *E*

 Eshaya-Chauvin B., Coupland RM . Transfusion requirements for the management of war injured : the experience of the International Committee of the Red Cross. British Journal of Anaesthesia. 1992;68:221-223 / *E*

 Eshaya-Chauvin B., Nyffenegger E . Anesthésie pour blessés de guerre - Etude rétrospective. Revue Médicale de la Suisse Romande, Tiré à part Tome 110 N 5, Mai 1990:429-432 / *F*

 Fosse E, Husum H, Giannou C . The Siege of Tripoli 1983: War Surgery in Lebanon. J of Trauma-Ijnury Infection & Critical care 1988; 28(5): 660-663 /*E*

 Frei E . Schuss-und Splitterverletzungen. Wundballistisches Einmaleins. Médecine Militaire.1986, N1:5-14 / *G*

 Frei E . Wundinfekte im Krieg. Médecine Militaire 1987 N 4:121-123 / *G*

 Gertsch Ph, Savolainen H, Christensen P . Traumatismes thoraciques en temps de guerre. Evaluation et planification hospitalière. Médecine Militaire 1986, N 4:95-97 / *F*

 Gertsch Ph . Assessment of hospital workload in war surgery. Br. J. Surg 1987, vol 74, Sept 831-833 / *E*

 Gertsch Ph . Lesions vasculaires des blessés de guerre afghans traités à l'hôpital du CICR à Peshawar. Médecine Militaire 1986 N 2:46-47 / *F*

 Giannou C . Antipersonnel landmines: facts, fictions, and priorities. BMJ. 315(7120): 1453-1454 /*E*

 Giannou CP . Penetrating missile injuries during asymmetric warfare in the 2003 Gulf conflict (Br J Surg 2004; 92: 637-642). Br J Surg 2004; 92(8): 1047-1048 /*E*

 Giannou CP, Bernes E . First Aid in armed conflicts and other situations of violence. The International Committee of the Red Cross 2006 /*E*

 Gosselin R.A., Siegberg C.J.Y., Coupland R., Agerskov K . Outcome of Arterial Repairs in 23 consecutive patients at the ICRC-Peshawar Hospital for war wounded. The Journal of Trauma. 1993;Vol.34(3): 373-376 / *E*

 Graber P, Rochat Ch-H . Les lambeaux musculo-cutanés et musculaires en chirurgie de guerre. Médecine Militaire 1986 N1:16-19 / *F*

 Graber P., Rochat Ch.-H., Russbach R . Le traitement des fractures ouvertes dans un hôpital de guerre. Médecine & Hygiène, 1986;44:1593-1595 / *F*

 Gray R.C . War Wounds : Basic Surgical Management. Geneva, International Committee of the Red Cross. 1994 / *E* / *F* / *S* / *A* / *R* / *B* / *SB*

 Gray RC . Surgery of war and disaster. Tropical Doctor 1991;21 supplement 1:56-60 / *E*

 Gray RC . War Surgery and Triage. Postgraduate Doctor Middle East. 1993;16:150-157 / *E*

 Gray RC., Winiger E . War surgery: an introduction. Geneva: ICRC Audio-visual division 1988/*E*

 Hassan MY, Elmi AM, Baldan M . Experience Of Thoracic Surgery Performed Under Difficult Conditions In Somalia. East and Central African Journal of Surgery 2004; 9(1): 94-96 / *E*

 Hassan MY, Mohamed LS, Baldan M . Management of Empyema Thoracis. East and Central African Journal of Surgery 2005; 10(1): 56-58 *E*

 Hayward-Karlsson J, Jeffery S, Kerr A, Schmidt H . Hospitals for War-Wounded. A practical guide for setting up and running a surgical hospital in an area of armed conflict. ICRC 1998

 Irmay F, Merzouga B, Vettorel D . The Krukenberg procedure: a surgical option for the treatment of double hand amputees in Sierra Leone. Lancet 2000; 356: 1072-1075 /*E*

 Jeffrey S.J . Antipersonnel mines: who are the victims ? J Accid Emerg Med; 1996;13:343-346 / *E*

 Kaguku N, Reinekainnen V, Luhiriri L, Du Mortier S, Baldan M . The Use of External Fixator in the Management of Gunshot Related Open Limb Fractures. East and Central African Journal of Surgery 2004 9(1): 41-43 / *E*

 Keller A . The management of gunshot fractures of the humerus. Injury 1995;Vol.26:93-96/*E*

 Kjaergaard J . Les blessés de guerre de l'hôpital de campagne du CICR à Beyrouth en 1976. Schweiz. Z.Milit. Med. 1978, Vol 55 N 1:1-23/*F*

 Korver A.J.H . Amputees in a hospital of the International Commitee of the Red Cross. Injury. 1993;24(9):607-609 / *E*

 Korver A.J.H . Injuries of the lower limbs caused by antipersonnel mines : the experience of the International Committe of the Red Cross. Injury, 1996;Vol 27 N°7:477-479 / *E* 

 Korver A.J.H . Outcome of war-injured patients treated at first aid posts of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Injury. 1994;25(1):25-30 / *E*

 Korver A.J.H . Relation between Fever and Outcome in Injured Victims of an Internal Armed Conflict : The experience in a war surgery hospital of the International Committee of the Red Cross. Military Medicine, 1996; 161;11;658-660 / *E*

 Lütold K . Kriegsfahrungen eines Schweizer Chirurgen. 1) Die Union 1993;5 2) Sweizerische Zeitschrift für Militär-und Katastrophemedizin. 1994;71(1):19-20/*G*

 Molde A . Operieren unter Beschuss. Neue Zürcher Zeitung -Folio. 1995 Febr.:3639 / *G*

 Molde A . Samnegård H. Amputationen unter Kriegsbedingungen - Erfahrungen des Internationalen Komitees des Roten Kreuses (IKRK). Med. Orth. Tech 1997;117:205-208/*G*

 Molde A . Victims of war : Surgical principles must not be forgotten (again)! Acta Orthop Scan (Suppl 281) 1998;69 / *E*

 Morris DS, Sugrue WJ . Abdominal injuries from the war wounded of Afghanistan: a report from the International Committee of the Red Cross Hospital in Kaboul. British Journal of Surgery, Nov.1991, Vol.78 1301-1304/*E*

 Morris DS . Surgeons and the International Committee of the Red Cross. Australian and New Zeland Journal of Surgery. 1992;62:170-172 /*E*

 Morris DS., Sugrue WJ, McKenzie E . On the border of Afghanistan with the International Committee of the Red Cross. New-Zealand Medical Journal. 1985, 98:750-752 /*E*

 Mulli J.C . Activités chirurgicales en zones de guerre : l'expérience du Comité International de la Croix-Rouge.Bulletin Medicus Mundi. 1995 Mars; N° 57:42-54 / *F* / *E*

 Navein J, Coupland R, Dunn R . The Tourniquet Controversy. J Trauma 2003; 54:S219-S220 /*E*

 Oberli H, Frick Th . Die offene Femurfraktur im Krieg -173 Fixateur-externe-Applikationen am Femur (Afghanistankrieg). Helv. Chir. Acta 1991;58:687-692 / *G*

 Oberli H . War Surgery and External Fixation. AO/ASIF Dialogue. Vol. IV. Issue I., June 1991 / *E*

 Pesonen P . Pulse oximetry during Ketamine anaesthesia in war conditions. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia. 1991;38:5:592-594 / *E*

 Rautio J, Paavolainen P . Afghan war wounded : Experience with 200 cases. The Journal of Trauma, 1988, vol 28 N4:523-525 / *E*

 Rautio J., Paavolainen P . Delayed treatment of complicated fractures in war wounded. Injury 1987;18:238-240 / *E*

 Rochat Ch.-H . Le triage chirurgical en conditions de guerre (Kaboul 1989). 1) Méde cine & Hygiène 1991;49:2633-2638 / *F* 2) Médecine Militaire 1992;N2 Vol.69;35-38 / *F*

 Rochat Ch-H, Graber P., Ursprung T . Traitement des plaies par projectiles en condition de guerre (Afghanistan). Suture primaire différée ou suture secondaire ?. Médecine militaire 1986 N 1:20-22 / *F*

 Rowley D.I . The Management of War Wounds involving Bone. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, 1996;Vol. 78-B:5 / *E*

 Rowley D.I . War wounds with fractures : A guide to surgical management . International Committee of the Red Cross. 1996 / *E*

 Russbach R . Casualties of Conflicts and Mine Warfare. " A Framework for Survival " - In : Cahill K.M., New-York Basic Books 1993 / *E*

 Russbach R . Les unités chirurgicales du Comité international de la Croix-Rouge : Le personnel, le matériel, les coûts. Médecine & Hygiène, 1991;49: 2629-2632 / *F*

 Russbach R . Réflexions sur le traitement chirurgical des victimes de conflits armés. Bulletin SIMC N 34, Février 1988 / *F*

 Scott-Findlay J., Smith F.S . A Timor Experience in war and Civilian Trauma. Med.J. Aust. 1976;2: 90-92 /*E*

 Sellier KG, Kneubuehl B . Wound Ballistics and the Scientific Background. Elsevier 1994 /*E*

 Sewell A . The wounds of war. Nursing Standard. 1991;5:19-20 / *E*

 Simper L.B . Below knee amputation in war surgery. A review of 111 amputations with delayed primary closure. J. Trauma 1993;34:96-98 / *E*

 Strada G. Coupland RM. Gray RC . Surgery for victims of war: the experience of the International Committee of the Red Cross. The Journal of Emergency Surgery 1991;14, (2):126-130 / *E*

 Trouwborst A, Weber BK, Dufour D . Medical statistics of battlefield casualties. Injury 1987;18:96-9 /*E*

 Ursprung Th . Die Versorgung Kriegsverletzter aus anästhesiologischer Sicht: Ein Erlebnisbericht aus dem IKRK-Spital in Kabul, September 1990. Z. Unfallchir.Vers.med. Band 84, 1991, Heft 1 / *G*

 Vassallo D.J., Maj . The International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and Lessons from its Experience of War Surgery. J.R. Army Med. Corps 1994;140:146-154 / *E*

 Verbeke JH . Initial treatment of war casualties in a field hospital. Acta Anaesth Belg. 1987, 38:261-265 /*E*

Other Authors 

 Bion J.F . Infusion analgesia for acute war injuries : A comparison of pentazocine and ketamine. Anaesthesia 1984;vol. 39:560-564.

  Doomres B., Dürner P., Klöss Th . The wooden external fixator. Injury: the British Journal of Accident Surgery 1992; vol.23/N1:67-68.

 Leppäniemi A.K . Where there is no anaesthetist .... British Journal Surgery Febr.1991; vol.78:245-246

 Rautio J., Paavolainen P . Delayed treatment of complicated fractures in war wounded. Injury 1987;18: 238-240.

  Stewart M.P.M., Kinninmonth A . Shotgun wounds of the limbs. Injury. 1993;24(10):667-670


Physical rehabilitation  

 Steen Jenssen S, Heim S . Evaluation of polypropylene prostheses designed by the International Committee of the Red Cross for trans-tibial amputees. Prosthetics and Orthotics International , 2000, 24: 47-54

 Verhoeff TT, Poetsma PA, Gasser L, Tung H . Evaluation of use and durability of polypropylene trans-tibial prosthesis, The Journal of the International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics , 1999, Vol. 23, No. 3, 249-255.

 Oberg T, Eklund A (editors). OrthoLetter, A Newsletter on Orthopaedic Technology in Developing Countries, Department of Biomechanics and Orthopaedic Technolgy, University College of Health Sciences, Jönköping, Sweden 1994; Issue 1