The ICRC Directorate is the organization's executive body. Its members are appointed by the Assembly for four-year terms. The new Directorate took up its duties on 1 July 2006.
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Director of Human Resources
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Director of Communication
"The ICRC has some excellent human resources – both in terms of skills and personal commitment – and the main challenge is to be able to mobilize them. For this to come about, the new directors will need to draw up clear strategies and resolutely implement the decisions they take. This will help improve our ability to plan ahead, making us stronger and more efficient in our efforts to assist the victims of armed conflict.
I am convinced that the basic Red Cross idea of defending human dignity without engaging in direct confrontation is more important now than ever before."
Angelo Gnaedinger, born in 1951, trained as a lawyer and served as examining magistrate in the Swiss canton of Schaffhausen before joining the ICRC in 1984. Following initial field assignments in Israel, South Africa and Iraq, he was appointed head of the ICRC's operations in the Middle East in 1988. Mr Gnaedinger served as head of the Detention Division from 1992 to 1994 and as Delegate-General for Western and Central Europe and the Balkans from 1994 to 1998. He was Delegate-General for Europe, the Middle East and North Africa from 1998 to 2002 and he has been ICRC Director-General since 2002.
Mr Gnaedinger is married and has two children.
"The ICRC works at the very heart of numerous situations of conflict and violence whose complexity is constantly increasing. The main task of the Department of Operations is to ensure that the ICRC's activities for war victims, which are currently being conducted by some 1,200 expatriates and 10,000 locally recruited staff, have the political and diplomatic support they need, as well as the requisite human and financial resources.
It is also important to pay close attention to the appropriateness and quality of the action we carry out and to maintain a constant dialogue with our main partners and with the victims themselves."
Pierre Kraehenbuehl, born in 1966, who holds a B.A. in political science and international relations, joined the ICRC in 1991. After carrying out assignments in El Salvador, Peru, Afghanistan and Bosnia-Herzegovina, he served as head of operations for Central and South-Eastern Europe in Geneva. He was appointed personal adviser to the President in 2000.
Mr Kraehenbuehl is married and has three children.
"My aim is to attract women and men who have the enthusiasm and skills needed to meet the challenges facing the ICRC in the twenty-first century and to make it possible for them to fulfil a common ideal."
Jacques Stroun, born in 1955, is a medical doctor and has trained in the fields of management and human resources. After joining the ICRC in 1980, he worked in Cambodia and El Salvador before returning to Geneva to take up the posts successively of head of the Detention Division and Deputy Director of Operations. He was appointed Director of Human Resources and Finance in 1998.
Mr Stroun is married and has four children.
Director of Resources and Operational Support
"More often than not, it is people who make the difference. As Director of Resources and Operational Support, I will strive to create the conditions in which all staff members can put their skills and motivation at the service of conflict victims and thereby provide them with the best possible assistance.
My aim is to encourage innovation and creativity without sacrificing good management practices."
Doris Pfister, born in 1956, holds a B.A. in economics and an M.S. in organizational behaviour. She began her career at the ICRC in 1989 after initially working as a journalist. Following assignments as a delegate in Israel and the occupied and autonomous territories, Sri Lanka and Cambodia, Ms Pfister carried out various tasks relating to ICRC cooperation with the rest of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement, and held headquarters posts in the Press Division and the Department of Operations. In 2000 she was appointed deputy head of the Division of Finance and Administration.
Director of Communication
"Communication is a vital part of the ICRC's humanitarian work, it strengthens the organization's ability to assist the victims of armed conflict and to stay close to them. My aim is not necessarily to communicate more but to communicate better and to have a greater impact."
Yves Daccord, born in 1964, holds a B.A. in political science. A former journalist, he joined the ICRC in 1992 and worked in Israel and the occupied and autonomous territories, Sudan, Yemen, the northern Caucasus and Georgia. He returned to ICRC headquarters in 1997 to take up the post of deputy head of the Division for the Promotion of International Humanitarian Law. In 1998 he was appointed head of the Communication Division.
Mr Daccord is married and has three children.
Director for International Law and
Cooperation within the Movement
"International humanitarian law sets normative limits to the brutal realities of war and provides a framework for humanitarian action. My colleagues and I at the ICRC work to defend the law and contribute to its development in line with the evolving realities of the 21st century. In a world marked by increasing division and radicalisation, it is important for the Red Cross and Red Crescent family to cherish and strengthen its unity around the principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality and independence. The Movement in recent operations has proven how effective it can be when all of its components join forces in a well coordinated manner and respect the specific roles of one another. We must build on this."
Philip Spoerri, born in 1963, holds a Ph.D. in law from Bielefeld University and has also studied at the universities of Göttingen, Geneva and Munich. He began his career with the ICRC in 1994. Following a first mission for the ICRC in Israel (Occupied Territories), he continued with missions in Kuwait and in Yemen, Afghanistan and Democratic Republic of Congo. In Geneva, he headed the legal advisers to the institution's Department of Operations. He returned to Afghanistan as the head of delegation from May 2004 to January 2006. Before joining the ICRC, Mr Spoerri worked as a lawyer in a private office in Munich.
Mr Spoerri is married and has two children.