International Review of the Red Cross, 2006, No. 864 – Methods of warfare
The present edition of the International Review of the Red Cross illustrates some aspects of present-day methods of warfare and the applicable rules.
Issue No. 864 - 2006
Theme: Methods of warfare
Table of contents
Editorial - IRRC December 2006 No 864
Interview with General Sir Rupert Smith
General Sir Rupert Smith served in the British Army in East and South Africa,
Arabia, the Caribbean, Europe and Malaysia before commanding, as a majorgeneral,
the British 1st Armoured Division during the Gulf War.
A la guerre comme à la guerre: patterns of armed conflict, humanitarian law responses and new challenges
Continuous transformation of armed conflict since the adoption in 1864 of the first international humanitarian law treaty compels international humanitarian law to adapt accordingly. This article links those revisions to specific conflicts which laid bare deficiencies in the existing law.
Asymmetric conflict structures
Inequality in arms, indeed, significant disparity between belligerents, has become a prominent feature of various contemporary armed conflicts. This article attempts tentatively to assess the repercussions this could have on the principle of reciprocity, especially the risk of the instigation of a destabilizing dynamic of negative reciprocity which ultimately could lead to a gradual intensification of a mutual disregard of international humanitarian law.
Contextualizing proportionality: jus ad bellum and jus in bello in the Lebanese war
This article analyses the role and content of proportionality under contemporary international law governing the use of force, with a view to clarifying the legal framework governing the conduct of the parties to an armed conflict.
Precautions under the law governing the conduct of hostilities
This article presents a descriptive analysis of the precautions that are required of all belligerents in order to ensure the protection of civilian populations and objects against the effects of hostilities.
Incitement in international criminal law
Wibke Kristin Timmermann
The author critically analyses in this article the status of incitement in international criminal law and recommends the adoption of an approach modelled on German and Swiss domestic law and argues that instigation per se should also be regarded as an inchoate crime.
International treaties against terrorism and the use of terrorism during armed conflict and by armed forces
Terrorism-oriented legislation, which initially covered only acts affecting civilians, has gradually expanded to cover some acts of terrorism against military personnel and installations. This contribution attempts to assess the repercussions of this evolution on the status and the protection of armed forces engaged in the so-called ‘‘war on terrorism’’ by examining the existing dynamic between these regulations and international humanitarian law.
The right to life in armed conflict: does international humanitarian law provide all the answers?
This article describes the relevant interpretation of the right to life by human rights treaty bodies and analyses how this might influence the law relating to the use of force in armed conflicts and occupations where international humanitarian law is unclear.
Respect for international humanitarian law by armed non-state actors in Africa
This report presents the instruments and strategies used by non-state actors to respect international humanitarian law during intra-state conflicts in Africa and highlights the recognition by these non-state actors of the role of humanitarian organizations.
Reviewing the legality of new weapons, means and methods of warfare
Parties to an armed conflict are limited in their choice of weapons, means and methods of warfare by the rules of international humanitarian law (IHL) governing the conduct of hostilities. This article goes back to the relevant rules.
A Guide to the Legal Review of New Weapons, Means and Methods of Warfare: Measures to Implement Article 36 of Additional Protocol I of 1977
ICRC Geneva, January 2006
Books and articles
Recent acquisitions of the Library & Research Service